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Immigration to Canada: Complete Guide

Canada is one of the few countries with a very fair immigration policy. In Canada, you can become a permanent resident without a residence permit, obtain citizenship quickly and not have to constantly prove the legality of your stay in the country. You can immigrate to Canada with the whole family at once.


Canada is a country of immigrants. Historically, immigrants in Canada are the main driver of the economy and responsible for population growth. About 20% of residents (and this figure continues to grow) are over the age of 65, while the proportion of children is only 15%. The financial cost of supporting an aging population falls on younger taxpayers, whose share is declining due to low birth rates.

The Government of Canada solves this problem by attracting immigrants to the country. A large number of people arrive in Canada every year. In 2021, this number was 405,000, in 2022, Canada expects to accept more than 431,500, and in the future – even more.

How Canada’s immigration system works

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Canada has a fairly straightforward immigration system. There are more than 100 immigration programs in the country where permanent resident status can be obtained. There are virtually no temporary residence permits here: only tourists, foreign students and employees who have arrived on a guest, student or work visa, respectively, are considered temporary residents.

If you qualify for at least one of the more than 100 immigration programs, you can immediately apply for permanent residency: obtain an immigration visa and a permanent resident (PR) card. Residency status gives you almost the same rights as citizenship: free medical care, the right to work and study, welfare and benefits. After three years of permanent residence, you can apply for Canadian citizenship.

It is important that each immigration program has a list of requirements in terms of education, language level, work experience, occupation, etc. If the applicant meets these criteria, he/she can apply, but it is not necessary to have family members in Canada or other ties to the country. The application is submitted remotely: most often online, in rare cases on paper and sent by mail. During the examination process, the applicant leads a normal life in his/her home country.

Main ways to immigrate to Canada


Immigration methods are divided into three main categories:

  • Economic immigration
  • Family immigration
  • Refugee and humanitarian immigration.


Family immigration, or family sponsorship, is the acquisition of resident status at the expense of family members already living in Canada. A Canadian resident/citizen may sponsor the resettlement of his/her spouse, parents, children or other family members. In this case, the resident/citizen assumes the obligation to financially support the person he/she is sponsoring

Humanitarian and refugee immigration is for those who are at risk in their country of citizenship. For example, military action or personal harassment.

Most people come to Canada through economic immigration programs. They are skilled professionals, representatives of the liberal professions, entrepreneurs, self-employed and students who have left their studies in Canada. Immigration selections for various programs are held every week in the country, where participants receive invitations to immigrate.

Immigration Programs in Canada


As mentioned above, there are over 100 immigration programs in Canada, and they are designed for a wide variety of applicants.

The fastest way to obtain immigration is through the federal programs that operate through Express Entry, a system of filing and processing applicants’ applications. The review period in this case averages 6 months. However, in 2022, selections for federal programs are temporarily not held. In addition, as a rule, only highly qualified young specialists with good education and work experience can receive an invitation to participate in these programs.

Another option is to use one of the provincial programs. Canada is divided into 13 regions: 10 provinces and 3 territories. 12 of them have their own immigration programs, usually with reduced requirements. There are also regional programs jointly managed by some provinces or cities.

There are separate immigration programs for entrepreneurs who want to buy or open a business in Canada and for self-employed individuals who are self-employed.

In recent years, the most reliable means of immigration has been employment and obtaining a Canadian education. It is not difficult to enroll in Canadian universities, but education requires funding: about CAD 15,000 per year for education and the same amount for living.

You can look for a job in Canada from your home country. You need to know English or French and a high quality resume that meets Canadian standards. There is a shortage of specialists in Canada, both for skilled positions and for jobs. When hiring a foreign national, all risks and financial costs are borne by the employer, so he/she will have to convince the recruiter that he/she is a worthy candidate. In some immigration programs, for example, the Atlantic Program or the Nanny and Caregiver Program, employers hire foreign candidates on a simplified basis.

Obtaining education and work experience in Canada opens up a large number of additional permanent residency programs for applicants and almost guarantees immigration.

What you need for immigration

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In most cases, you will need:

  • an international language proficiency test: IELTS or CELPIP for English and TEF Canada or TCF Canada for French;
  • a degree that has passed the evaluation process at one of the accredited agencies.
  • recommendations from employers to confirm your work experience.

In addition, applicants invited to immigrate undergo medical examinations, security checks and submit biometric data.

Moving to Canada also requires finances. You will need to pay the government fee to review your application, as well as demonstrate that you have money in bank accounts to support yourself and your family after moving. Depending on the program, you must submit between C$3,000 and C$22,000 for one person and between C$6,000 and C$42,000 for a family of four. This money will stay with you, you just need to confirm its availability. Applicants who have found employment in Canada and arrived in the country on a work visa before applying for permanent residence do not need to show any money in their accounts.

Immigration assistance in Canada


There are immigration consultants in Canada who offer immigration assistance. Please note that only licensed professionals can charge for their services. You can check the consultant’s license on the website of the College of Immigration and Citizenship Canada.

Our company Reboot Your Life Immigration Services Corp. is a legal immigration services provider. Our team consists of licensed consultants who individually select the immigration method, manage the application and paperwork. We also cooperate with the Canadian Language School and universities.

You can make an appointment for a consultation here. We recommend you to make a free evaluation of your immigration possibilities.

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